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Trading with the EU after Brexit
The post-Brexit trade deal that came into effect on 1 January 2021 means that there are no tariffs or duties to pay when trading with the EU.
However, there are several new steps that businesses must take to continue trading with the EU or to begin trading with the EU now that the Brexit transition period has ended.
The UK’s new relationship with the EU will have a profound impact on businesses, especially those that trade with the EU or employ EU citizens.
With uncertainty having surrounded the UK’s post-Brexit relationship with the EU until just days before the trade deal come into effect, many businesses will not have had time to understand its full implications.
Our team of Brexit specialists are helping businesses like yours to get up to speed with the demands of the UK’s new relationship with the EU.
We will help you defend your business against the additional challenges that may be involved with trade, whilst also helping you take advantage of the opportunities that arise.
The impact on your business will differ depending on whether you are an importer or exporter, or whether your supply chain and customers are based in the UK, EU or worldwide.
To help you get up to speed with the requirements of post-Brexit trade with the EU, we have prepared this useful information hub to help you prepare for whatever the future may bring.
While the post-Brexit trade deal means that there are no tariffs, duties or quotas on imports from or exports to the EU, there are still a number of steps that businesses involved in importing and exporting goods either need to take, set out by the Government in its Importing and Exporting Goods guidance document:
Understand the requirements of EU Member States. The necessary processes must have been done and documentation completed to comply with these requirements. Further information is provided in Annex A and B.
GB EORI – Traders will need a GB EORI number to move goods to or from the UK. Check your EORI number. Apply for a new one if yours does not start with GB.
EU EORI – If undertaking any EU customs processes, traders will need an EU EORI.
If you are an importer, check which goods are on the controlled goods list – If your good is on the controlled goods list, you will need to complete full customs declarations from January.
If you are importing non-controlled goods, decide whether to delay the customs declaration for up to six months or complete full customs declarations on import.
Decide how to complete customs formalities: Most traders are expected to use a customs intermediary. These are experts who can make declarations on your behalf.
Duty Deferment Account (DDA) – A DDA allows holders to delay customs duty, excise duty and import duty, to be paid once a month rather than on individual consignments.
Check to see if a facilitation would benefit the business- there are a number of facilitations, including the Common Transit Convention, to help import and export goods.
If you are importing live animals or high-priority plants and plant products, traders need to be prepared for submitting additional documentation and checks taking place at point of destination.
If you are an exporter, submit customs export declarations, or separate Safety and Security exit declarations if this is required.
If you are a haulier, use the “Check an HGV is ready” service.
Demonstrate the origin of goods to benefit from the zero-tariff rates contained in the trade deal.
Make arrangements to pay import VAT.
To help with this process the Government has produced a step by step checklist for importers and exporters, which can be found below:
UK nationals will need a visa if they want to stay in the EU for more than 90 days in a 180-day period.
Your European Health Insurance Card remains valid until its expiry date and the plan outlined in the agreement is to replace these with a UK Global Health Insurance Card. There is more information to come on overseas health insurance in the coming months.
You do not need an International Driver’s Permit to drive in the EU as a UK citizen.
UK professional qualifications won’t be recognised automatically in the EU, which will make it more difficult to work in the EU, especially for those in the service sector.
It appears that UK citizens will need to apply to the individual country in which they wish to work to get any professional qualifications accepted. This may change as the agreement suggests a framework of mutual qualification recognition in the future.
There are measures which commit both the UK and the EU to maintain common standards on worker’s rights, as well as many social and environmental regulations. The UK does not have to follow EU law, but they do have to be seen to protect the rules of “fair competition”.